You may think scientists stationed in Antarctica
are just playing with penguins or studying leopard seals. But some of them are down there to fly balloons
or watch ice cubes. Special balloons and special ice cubes. Like the balloon-based experiment ANITA, which
has seen things we thought weren’t possible, and could show us that our current knowledge
of particle physics is just the tip of the iceberg. ANITA, short for the Antarctic Impulsive Transient
Antenna, was designed to study ultra-high-energy cosmic neutrinos by taking advantage of the
ice sheets that blanket Antarctica. Now I know you are already an expert in neutrinos
because you watch all my videos, right?… Right?? Okay then, quick refresher: neutrinos are
ultra lightweight and chargeless particles that almost never interact with other matter. Because of those properties, they can travel
through entire planets without being affected. At least that’s true for the low energy
neutrinos we usually talk about. That variety mostly comes from atomic decay
deep inside the sun act like me at a party; rarely interacting with anything. These are the same neutrinos we use massive tanks
of ultrapure water like the Super-Kamiokande detector to spot. But there are other types of neutrinos, and
the ultra-high energy variety is something of a different animal. They have wider “cross sections” meaning
they’re more likely to collide with other particles as they pass. They’re made during high-energy collisions
like when cosmic rays and photons interact. Then they zip along through the universe until
they reach us here on Earth. Because of that bigger cross section, they
don’t penetrate very far before they interact with something, causing a cascade of particles
that gives off what scientists describe as a “snap” of radio frequencies. To pick up these fairly faint signals, known
as Askaryan pulses, scientists need somewhere without a lot of other radio signals. They also need a lot of a radio transparent
medium so the high-energy particle interaction can occur, but the Askaryan pulses can still
propagate. A medium like ice. And that is why the ANITA experiment was flown
over Antarctica. Attached to a NASA long Duration Balloon,
the antenna flew a total of four missions from 2006 to 2016, staying aloft between three
and five weeks at a time. While it was up there it picked up the refracted
radio signals coming from the ice below. Scientists basically turned an entire continent
into a scientific instrument. That is some comic-book villain logic. And it totally worked. Actually, it worked so well it spotted something
we can’t explain with our current particle physics. On multiple occasions, ANITA detected signals
coming straight up from beneath it, meaning in theory they must have traveled through
the earth as opposed to just skimming through the ice at an angle. Since ultra high-energy neutrinos interact
much more frequently than their low-energy counterparts, they shouldn’t be able to
travel through the entire Earth. To double check there was no mistake, they
looked through the results of another Antarctic based neutrino detector, IceCube. Not the rapper-turned-actor, he’s not down there. Making use of stable ultra-clear ice, IceCube’s
sensors monitor a cubic kilometer of ice for neutrino interactions starting 1500 meters
below the surface. Sure enough, the data revealed three other
events where particles seemed to come straight up from below. Three detections may not sound like a lot,
but mathematically it’s way more than they should be seeing. It shouldn’t even happen once. This is potentially huge news for particle
physics. If we can rule out the idea that these are
neutrinos that are blasting at us from one specific place so intensly that the detectors
can see them –– what’s called the ‘point source hypothesis’ –– then these can’t
be ultra-high energy neutrinos at all. Which means NOTHING in the standard model
explains it. This means it could point to other theories
that could supplant or expand the standard model one day. But scientists aren’t ready to throw out
the standard model just yet. More data is necessary, so ANITA’s proposed
successor, the Payload for Ultrahigh Energy Observations, may continue the hunt for these
inexplicable interactions. The resulting data from it, and experiments
like ANITA and IceCube could help tell the Large Hadron Collider where to look as it
searches for particles outside the standard model. Of course, we can’t discuss Antarctic research without acknowledging the giant penguin in
the room: the climate crisis. Check out this episode of Focal Point about
scientists creating an “Ice Vault” in Antarctica to store glaciers’ “memories”
before they’re gone forever. And for more stone-cold-stunning science news,
subscribe, and I’ll see you next time on Seeker.

100 thoughts on “‘Ghost Particles’ Erupting from Antarctica Could Shatter Standard Physics”

  1. Hi Seekers, thanks for watching! Want more on the ghost particle? Check out this Focal Point: https://youtu.be/dnJW6wjnk1E

  2. Because every topic needs a dash of climate alarmism!

    Back in the 70s, “scientists” were telling everyone the Earth would be frozen by the year 2000. In the 80s the world was gonna end by 2000, then in the 90s there was supposted to be complete global extinction by 2010. We’ve been “12 years away” from the climate apocalypse for the last 70 years. Dopes.

  3. I was hoping they found "Magnetic monopoles" so we could make fun of Dr Sheldon Cooper Phd (TBBT) for going to the wrong pole!

  4. Isn't this kinda old news already? I thought I've read about these particles detected by ANITA at least half a year ago.
    But I do like this channel!

  5. Considering the fact that the standard model can't be a complete description of elementary particles, these findings aren't the slightest bit surprising…

  6. Its amazing how we as humans, cannot seem to get the simple things right, yet we chase knowledge of particle science this far…

    Proof that majority of humans are less intelligent than you think, and that a small percentage are much smarter than you think.

  7. Anyone that's seen cowboy bebop know that it's just particle phrasing through because they're stuck in hyperspace.

  8. Sad thought the ice is melting when those regions have so much to offer that we don’t even understand

  9. Im missing why it cant be explained… We think of x rays as passing through objects, but a significant portion is bounced straight back at the source. X rays can also deflect.

    Are we sure neutrinos cannot bounce, deflect or reflect upon interaction?

  10. oh i get it….. Fusion engines….no one queried what fusion engines was was coz nobody wanted to look stupid in front of the gathering. Truth is seeker tries to answer them questions…but they don't quench your quirio none. Perhaps we need a physics channeller but i don't think such a thing exists.

  11. Could the Earth's core be creating the neutrino's somewhat like the sun does? How much do we really know about our core?

  12. Damn, i never new i am a science expert until just now this guy told..

    Because I watch all of his videos..??

  13. this was very clickbaity.i knew about this beforehand and couldn't tell this was talking about that, even though i already knew about it. please dont clickbait like this.

    -me

  14. Is this the Antarctica that is an imaginary huge ice wall that circles around the earth, holing in the oceans under the firmament? Or the observable ice covered continent that scientists have worked on for decades? If its the latter I'm all ears, please continue…

  15. Loved it up until the end. There is NO climate crisis, this is just Alarmist propaganda. The crisis part depends on highly questionable computer models which to date have over estimated warming by a large margin. As for increasing severe weather phenomena none of the indices show any appreciable increase over time? Hurricanes have not become more frequent or intense, global area burned by wildfire actually shows a decreasing trend, tornado numbers and frequency are likewise declining, and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is near its neutral value currently……so where is the crisis other than in the Alarmists minds?

  16. Particles? They may not even exist. I guess you have to name them something, so our regressed, depleted, and toxified brains have a glimmer of understanding.

  17. Once upon a time, Seeker is the Discovery Channel, they're just repost old video from Discovery Channel and make some short time show for kids, then one day they make a video to promote fossil fuel and misleading viewers which we call 'fake news' nowadays. In hope that people will forget what they did and keep the subscribers, they changed the channel name but I'm not forget.

  18. all new findings that will have potential to shatter fundemental knowledge which affects more than just the physics will be shutdown real quick and put to a halt due to some ''national security'' bs.
    wait and see, if finding on the pole gives very real life changing difference they wont be there for too long.

  19. Seems everything you put out tries to break science more than delve into it. How big of a grudge do you have against the standard model?

  20. Particle physics utterly discredited in 1.3 seconds by climate "science." Particle physics utilizes the scientific-method, climate "science" most assuredly does not.

  21. wow what a cupcake….Honey I love geeks that speak your lingo…it is a turn on…so if you would like to be my muffin…give me a response and ill send you my email…info…so we can hook-up !!!

  22. If only all those scientists at Arctic and Antarctica one day decided to do what they are not allowed to do, that is venturing beyond the magnetic poles located at 80 latitude parallel where all compasses point to, and venture straight towards the prohibited rotation axis of earth 90 latitude while ignoring compass. All airplanes today fly over the magnetic poles all the time, no airplane today fly over the rotation axis of earth which is thousands of km beyond the magnetic poles.

  23. Great video. I loved everything and then you had to drive it into the ditch with the climate change global warming lie.

  24. So if they're coming from straight down, like straight down, couldn't that imply that the Earth's core is somehow generating them? Since the more disperse solar/cosmic neutrinos seem to be able to travel through small portions of the Earth, couldn't a strong source at the center of the Earth feasibly produce enough particles that 0.0000001% are able to sneak through and be detected? Three findings over several weeks seems extremely rare, but if the odds of travelling through half the Earth aren't technically 0, then something producing billions of particles each second might be able to make that work.

  25. Happy to see that you did actually interact with another particle over the weekend, Julian. Congratulations!

  26. IMO you need to think of your way of saying things. In this videonyou say "and they zip around the universe till they reach us." which really isn't true. They zip around randomly, and a some pass through earth, and us. They don't come here and stop, exactly as said in the video. Terminology like that is important to use right because it will be misinterpreted if not.

  27. Dark matter particles? barely interacts with anything… very difficult to detect. I'm thinking a dark particle.

  28. Thx. Do you guys have any videos on how the instruments that detect neutrinos work or how they are made? Also any other instruments used for detection. Like a simple infrared camera.

  29. The more I learn about physics the less I believe particles exist at all. It rather seems like they are interactions in some sense. The only stable such "interaction" are protons. All other particles are mere interactions between EM fields and atomic nuclei.

  30. Isn't it just possible that the Earth's outward push of magnetic flow is somehow correlated to the upward flow of neutrinos bursting from the South Pole? I'm just assuming that this may account for the few neutrinos that are being detented doing just this; they may, in fact, maybe (a few, of course) influenced by some forces to change direction. This is to say, some neutrinos entering into the deepest segment of the earth may, in fact, find some following the strongest magnetic lines of current, and this may account for those bursting upward into The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) experiment detector… following Occam's Razor; this is the simplest explanation I can think of for this unknown phenomenon. If you can explain to me why this is not the case, please let me know. But please don't start by stating that Neutrinos are non-charged particles; obviously, something is influencing Neutrinos to burst upward along the lines of charged particles.

  31. Julian, don't lie to us. The scientist down there are totally playing with the penguins too. Regardless of how much they stink.

  32. last saturday i also learned that ANITA is a dog thingie style..well err… – thingie.. a kind of dog..species

  33. Now do the same experimend en the other pole? en behold the bleuprind of creations?
    Thay come from the core of the planned bi the needs of the planneds carolina core?

    Beautiful?

  34. Is it just me? Or wouldn’t it make more sense to have dual monitoring set ups at both the Arctic and the Antarctic? That way you could potentially try to monitor for the pulse coming in from one side and then seeing how long it takes to exit the other? If you can put a balloon in low orbit for about a month in one place surely you can do it in multiple places simultaneously? Just to rule out that it isn’t being produced in some reaction closer to the earths core?

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