[MUSIC] So the treatment of liver cancer
has actually evolved a great deal over the last decade. It really requires a team
approach these days. There’s multiple different
treatment options for liver cancer. They can range from surgery to
radiation to intra-arterial therapies to ablations. And really even systemic
chemotherapy can become important. So it’s very important that a
patient is evaluated by multiple members of the team to determine
the best type of treatment options. And sometimes it’s multiple
treatment options that are required to adequately
treat a liver cancer. [MUSIC] So the most common type of liver
tumor that we see are actually benign lesions of the liver. For liver tumors or
liver cancers that we evaluate, the most common in the United
States is actually metastatic cancer from somewhere else in
the body that goes to the liver. However, the two main types of
liver cancer that originate in the liver itself are divided
into hepatocellular carcinoma and
cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma is
a cancer that arises from the liver hepatocytes
themselves. Cholangiocarcinoma is a cancer
that starts from the bile ducts within the liver itself. Determining which type of liver
cancer you have is crucial because the treatment
options for these two types of cancers
are dramatically different. [MUSIC] Treatments for liver cancer have
actually changed dramatically over the last decade. There’s lots of
different options for treating liver malignancies. They range from surgery,
to intra-arterial therapies, to radiation, to ablations,
to systemic chemotherapy. Some of the greatest advances
over the last ten years have been surgical, in that liver
surgery has now become a safe option for
patients with liver cancer. Some of the other rather
dramatic improvements have been intra-arterial therapies and intra-arterial radiation
therapy. All of these options
should be evaluated for a patient that has
a liver cancer. [MUSIC] Early liver cancers are usually
a local problem, meaning the best options for treatment
are local therapies, which include surgery, radiation and
sometimes even transplantation. For more advanced disease, liver cancer becomes
a systemic disease. And frequently, the best options
are systemic chemotherapy and sometimes systemic
immunotherapy. [MUSIC] So when I see a patient that’s
told they have a liver cancer, frequently they’re actually told
that they have a liver cancer, but it’s actually cancer that
started somewhere else in their body that actually spread or
metastasized to the liver. The most common type of
liver tumor that we see is actually not
a liver cancer itself. It’s a cancer that started
somewhere else in the body that actually spread to the liver. This can be very important to
determine where the original tumor started because
the treatment options vary dramatically depending on where
the primary cancer was located. [MUSIC]

4 thoughts on “Liver Cancer | Advancements in Treatment Options Q&A”

  1. My mother-in-law is having Liver Cancer and not sure what is the state. We are in Delhi India, and worst part is the patience is financially very week. Getting around government hospital in que for treatment but in between condition of patience getting worst. God knows how will this be treated.

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