Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! With Leptospira, “lepto” means thin, and “spira” means coil. So Leptospira is a genus… Continue Reading Leptospira – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The term “spina bifida” comes from the latin “split spine,” which is actually a pretty good description, because spina bifida is a birth defect where the tissue on the left and right side of the back that normally come over the spinal cord to protect it, don’t completely meet up… Continue Reading Spina bifida (myelomeningocele, meningocele, occulta) – causes, symptoms, treatment

Welcome to health care at home One of our viewer has emailed us. He has written that he has the problem of burning feet (Pairo Mein Jalan) Due to this he is not even able to sleep So, for that he is asking a home remedy So, firstly its important… Continue Reading Home Remedies for Burning Feet Part 1 II पैरों की जलन के लिए घरेलु उपचार भाग – 1 II

Cushing syndrome, named after the famous neurosurgeon, Harvey Cushing who first described it, is an endocrine disorder with elevated cortisol levels in the blood. In some cases, Cushing syndrome results from a pituitary adenoma making excess ACTH, and in those situations it’s called Cushing disease. Normally, the hypothalamus, which is… Continue Reading Cushing Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hyperphosphatemia, hyper- means over, -phosphat- refers to phosphate, and -emia refers to the blood, so hyperphosphatemia means having a high phosphate level in the blood, typically above 4.5 mg/dL. Now, phosphate is made up of one central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement, kind… Continue Reading Hyperphosphatemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

– In the early stages of Heart Failure the patient might not even have symptoms. And they might only have risk factors for Heart Failure. This means that they probably have some kind of pre-existing condition that might, if you leave it unchecked, will lead to Heart Failure in the… Continue Reading Heart failure treatment – Early stages | Circulatory System and Disease | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Aphthous ulcers, often called canker sores, are painful inflammatory lesions or spots on the inside of the mouth. Most often, people develop minor aphthous ulcers, which is where the lesions are a few millimeters across, round or oval in shape, and disappear within a week. There are also two other… Continue Reading Aphthous ulcers (canker sores) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

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– [Voiceover] Scientists and physicians continue to learn more and more about Alzheimer’s disease and dementia in general, but unfortunately, they still haven’t found a cure. With that said, though, there are medications that can help lesson the symptoms of dementia, like memory loss and confusion. Currently, all the medications… Continue Reading Treatment of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Hyper IgM syndrome is a problem where B cells are unable to undergo antibody class-switching, meaning that they can produce IgM antibodies, or immunoglobulins, but struggle to produce other types of antibodies, and that leaves individuals at risk for certain infections. Let’s take a look at how B cells end… Continue Reading Hyper IgM Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology