In order for effective breastfeeding to
occur, a good latch is required between the infant mouth and the breast. Unfortunately, difficulties with
breastfeeding may occur due to a condition called upper lip tie. In this
situation, the newborns upper lip does not curl up or flare out enough
resulting in loss of suction and the nipple to be incompletely engaged within
the mouth. Symptoms for the mother include prolonged feedings, painful
nipples, and decreased milk production, while infants may exhibit noisy suckling
and gas pains. Numbing is first applied topically using q-tips. The upper lip tie
is then clamped for about 10 seconds to crush blood vessels in order to minimize
bleeding after the release is performed. Scissors are used to incise the upper
lip tie thereby releasing the upper lip to more easily curl up during
breastfeeding.

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