– Hello deathlings. Today we’re returning to
where my career began, really, which is
describing every visceral, macabre detail of a cremation. If you’ve never seen
one of my videos before and just Googled is
cremation right for me? Hi, hello, welcome. Don’t worry, I’m actually
pretty good at this. This video is the first
in what I hope is a series about what happens to an
average, everyday corpse both procedurally and scientifically in different postmortem scenarios. Let us begin. Most crematories will require
that a person be cremated in some kind of container. You may have your eye
on that $5,000 lacquered mahogany Kylie Jenner Burper Casket, but while that style may work for burial it’s not a good match for
the cremation machine. Cremation-specific caskets
are typically pine, plywood, or most commonly, a cardboard
alternative container. Which will burn up real nice. Poof. Before a body goes into
the cremation machine, jewelry is usually taken off and medical devices like
pacemakers, prosthetics, or silicone implants are
removed from the body. Why? Because pacemaker batteries can explode and prosthetics and breast implants melt into sticky goo that
some poor crematory worker has to scrape up. I think my what happens to breast implants during a cremation video is
still my most popular video because, the internet. After all the exploding
and melting goodies have been removed from
a corpse, a metal tag, a lot like a dog tag, will
be put in with the corpse and stay with it from start to finish, so the remains can always be identifiable. This is how we know that we’re
giving you grandma’s remains, not Bob’s remains. Who is Bob? You don’t know him, which
is exactly the point. Now we commence the cremation. Cremation of a body takes place in the first of two chambers. The primary chamber, where the body goes, can reach temperatures of 1800
to 2000 degrees fahrenheit, or 900 degrees Celsius. In this brick and cement
lined mini inferno, the soft tissues of the body
incinerate and vaporize, reducing to chunks of
brittle bone and some ash. This takes one to two hours. But what happens during
that one to two hours behind that big metal door? Every 10 minutes or so in the machine, the body undergoes some
pretty intense changes on its way to complete cremation. Would you like to know what they are? Gather round the children. Or don’t, this is actually pretty intense. About 10 minutes in. Exposed to the flame, the
muscles, skin, organs, and fat begin to char, sizzle, and shrink. Fun fact, if the the corpse is incinerated before it’s muscle tissue
has decomposed too much, it’s limbs may contract,
hands in a fist, arms bent, head tilted like a boxer. But it doesn’t sit straight up, myth. At the 20 minute mark. Most of the soft tissue has
burned off the face and skull, save for the cheeks. Ribs are beginning to
show, and in the thoracic and abdominal region
jets of liquid may spray from tears in the body cavity. This is the liquids in the
body aggressively evaporating, and the abdominal organs
dehydrate and shrink. After 30 minutes. The calvaria or skull cap
is beginning to come apart from the rest of the skull, boiling liquid pours from the fractures, and the facial bones have
almost no tissue left on them. The bones of the chest are mostly exposed, with the ribs bending inward and outward, the organs of the abdomen
continue to shrink, and the arms and legs are
mostly free of soft tissue if not completely consumed by the flames. At the 40 minute mark. The calvaria has completely come off now, exposing a blackened brain, and the bones of the face
have mostly disintegrated. The ribs, entirely exposed,
twist and bend severely. Abdominal organs like the spleen look like blackened sponges, and the lower part of the
arms are all but gone. At 50 minutes. What remains of the
internal abdominal organs are shriveled and look spongey, the thighs are nothing but stumps, and the arms are gone. The spinal column is more
or less on its own now and is coming apart. At the 60 minute mark and beyond. If the torso hasn’t already broken apart, it probably does that now. The skull is nothing but bone fragments, the internal organs are nothing but ash, and the pelvis is consumed by flames. While all that tissue
and bone is being burnt in the primary chamber,
the gases and particulate created by the cremation
go into a secondary chamber where they are subjected to temperatures of around 1700 degrees fahrenheit. This second chamber is
to reduce smoke, odor, and emissions before they are
released into the atmosphere. After the body is finished burning, the cremated remains are allowed to cool before they are swept
by a crematory operator into what looks like a large cookie tray. At this point the remains are nothing but three to five pounds of fragile, inorganic bone fragments and some ash. A powerful magnet is run over the bones and ash to pick up any metal that made it through the cremation,
then the cremated remains are ground into the powdery
substance we recognize as cremated remains in
what’s called a cremulator. From there the cremated remains
are placed in a container or urn for the cremated
individual’s friends or family to pick up and do with as they wish. And that’s more or less how it’s done. From cold corpse to hot bones, those are the basics of cremation. What kind of body disposition
scenario, situation would you like to know about? This video was made
with generous donations from death enthusiasts just like you. Patrons like, Murray M. Moss, Felicia Kemp Philip Imbesi, Alison Biles, Natalie Cooper, Andrew Redmayne. ♪ Bentham’s head ♪

100 thoughts on “What Happens to a Body During Cremation?”

  1. I had a question, but you answered it in this video. The question was "How do the ashes get that whitish dirty color?" Now I know it's from grinding the bones. Love your videos. They are always so interesting. And you have the perfect voice for these videos.

  2. Thank you Caitlin! I'm a first time viewer that was drawn to your use of facts and humor to make a "potentially sensitive" subject manageable. I was pleased that you went into considerable depth; sharing the entire cremation process. When I begin to research a new subject, I want FACTS and more FACTS! Your video exceeded my expectations and I will share with family and friends. 🙂
    You're very funny.

  3. How do you sleep at night???? There is
    No way in hell I could do your job…my hats off to you young lady. Love your videos by the way.

  4. I was once at a crematory and they were giving out free coffee. They asked me how I wanted mine. I told them sugared and creamated.

  5. My Best Friend weighed roughly 450# when he passed away. Would his cremeation have been handled as outlined in this video ?

  6. can you ask to be stuffed with corn , for the popcorn effect?? would be awesome to spread the smell of popcorn out of the chimney of the oven..so ppl can think yeah…they got the right body..and gosh…a c c c cre molator? like a huge grinder hah 😓

  7. How do you know that every so many minutes this happens and that happens see if they can put in a video that won't burn and video it other than that I'm going out the same way I came in I came in

  8. I’ll be cremated when I die. And until now, I never knew the process. This was very informative. So I wanted to say thank you.

  9. My dad, who passed in 1991, my stepdad who passed in 2015 and recently my best friend who passed this year, were all cremated. I think more people are opting for cremation as cemeteries are filling up and burial land is becoming less and less. It's also a cheaper option for your family as well. You can still buy a plot in a cemetery or a memorial garden etc where you can place your loved one's ashes and visit them if you wish. This video makes me feel a bit more sure about my wishes too, I would much rather be cremated than buried I think, it means I won't be occupying land that cannot be used for over 1000 years after my burial either, land that could be used to build housing or facilities for future generations. These are my thoughts anyway.

  10. Just make sure you don't cremate a body contaminated with 2-4-5 Trioxin near a cemetery. It will create a major zombie problem.

  11. Creamation vs disolution? costs? environment aspects? What is the most environmentally sustainable choice? Tree pods? I would love to be an apple tree my grand kids can eat from,

  12. My father passed away last month just found out about it yesterday 56 years old..he was cremated never understood how it worked until now

  13. Q: Wouldn't removal of breast implants equate to mutilation?
    I understand the pacemaker to avoid explosion and possible injury to the crematory operator when they do the peek-a-boo checking on progress…but the incision and excising of the implants is merely to not have to clean the retort as well. Just looking for your opinion on the matter.

  14. I absolutely love your videos, and I'm currently watching this while I do my makeup preparing for a job interview at a crematorium!

  15. I start mortuary school this coming summer. I’m not afraid of embalming, or really any process concerning corpses. But the thought of the skill cap falling off and gases and liquids shooting out of the abdomen in a 2000 degree oven is kind of horrifying

  16. I am horrified by the process and aroused at the same time as I watch you tell it like it is (WTH?)……Does the Cremebrulator also make some Creme Brulee?

  17. When youre dead you are dead…usually in hospital.they should do the service there and then….a chapel in hospital service and cremation..done finished…no long drawn out waiting grieving wailing…..and so much cheaper…
    Get it done and over with…

  18. You’re a talented lady that I suspect learned TV production somewhere else. I’m wondering if you were trained in a job or you’ve got a talented helper that taught you. In any event your entertaining and informative. I just want to know how you developed your skills.

  19. for exactly the same reason; when working at a tank farm (oil) the same size metal tags have to be worn in case of a big problem.
    your name is recorded to the tag number and mom will be sure the ash is her baby boy.

  20. My parents always cremate our cats when they die, but I can't imagine doing this to my lovely Nyx when she eventually passes on 🙁

  21. I am not scared of dying but how, where,when
    And what happens after I die

    Basically I am shitting myself
    To just think about death 😞

  22. Whilst carrying out building works at our city crematorium, the operatives were kind enough to allow us to observe the complete process at various stages. It was very interesting and it addressed many common misconceptions about the procedure. Observing the early stages of cremation through the view hole with my Dad (also a carpenter) I didn't expect to be mourning and saying goodbye to him in his coffin at the same crematorium 18 months later. You're a beautiful person Caitlin.

  23. Excellent vid! Question for you – – I want to be cremated but have two 16-inch titanium rods and roughly 30 titanium hooks and/or screws in my spine. All the discs from T3-S1 were removed and cadaver bone was inserted. How would you go about removing all that hardware? Hammer and chisel? Don't envy the person who has to take me apart.

  24. I DON'T MIND THE MERE EXISTENCE OF CREMATION,BUT I SINCERELY HOPE THAT THE WOMAN THAT DISPLAYED THIS VIDEO GOES STRAIGHT TO HELL AND FACES THAT FIRE TO NEVER TO BE EXTINGUISED ! MY DEAR WIFE OF 42 YEARS WAS CREMATED LAST YEAR ! I WOULDN'T WISH THAT YOU OR ANYONE SHOULD HAVE TO ENDURE THE PAIN AND SORROW OF LOSING SOMEONE CLOSE,BUT YOU HAVE THE AUDACITY TO ACT SO DRAMATIC LIKE A SICK IDIOT. WHY COULDN'T YOU JUST HAVE EXPLAINED THE SUBJECT WITHOUT THW WRINGING OF YOUR HANDS AND DREADED FUCKING FAKE LAUGH ! MY FINAL SENTIMENTS ARE GO TO HELL !!

  25. Growing up in a small Canadian town during the 70’s, there was sometimes an occasional smell of what I can only describe as beef jerky in the air, depending on how the wind blew. Turned out that what I smelled was the bodies in the local crematorium being cooked. To this day I cannot bear the smell of smoked meat.

  26. I went to a crematorium open day and was surprised to find all the staff doing the job were women. We could not witness an actual cremation but watched two kinds of clergy and a humanist reciting their stuff before the local mayors and also the organist playing melodies at our request. A day out with a difference I thought.

  27. when my gran got cremated we put her ashes in an urn, that someone thought was an ashtray, my grandfather never knew and was pleased because he thought she was putting weight on.

  28. Amazing teaching. A: What is the name of the vibes sound pieces? Having witness much death I the battlefield I have often wondered of the next step…

  29. I would love to know how this type of cremation differs from open air cremations, like the ones by the Crestone End of Life Project on Colorado!

  30. For me, decomposing naturally in the ground is the most comforting thing I can think of to happen to a body; it's what we did with my rabbit in my pfp. But it's interesting to see that some people are grossed out by that and comforted by cremation.

  31. Ya I’d rather have my body be in the ground and after some years be one with the earth, than have it turn to dust

  32. My uncle died a while ago and we are really poor so this may be our last option but we really hope to do bury him so please send prayers it would be really helpful

  33. I know may people that wants to be cremated but for me when god takes me I’d rather have my body linger here on earth than to be in that human microwave oven then turn to ash

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