There’s a lot of water on our planet. And it goes by a lot of different names. Gulfs and arroyos and fjords are all bodies
of water. But each one represents something unique. So let’s try to understand them. Let’s start big. The ocean is the large saltwater body that
covers most of the Earth. Technically, it’s the whole thing, but we
often split it into five parts with five different names. Sea can mean the same thing as ocean, though
it’s more specifically used for a large inland body of saltwater, like the Caspian
Sea. A bay is a part of an ocean bounded by land
on three sides. A cove is one too, but it usually has a smaller
entrance, often in a mountain. Make a bay bigger, and it’s a gulf. While a bight is a slighter and smaller indentation. A fjord is like a bay with a steep entrance,
often consisting of mountains. In Scotland and England, you might hear about
a firth. It’s like a fjord, but can be a broader
term for bays as well. A sound is like a large bay, but often longer
and between two sections of land. Sometimes, people call it a channel or strait
if it connects 2 larger bodies of water. Sometimes, a channel is a bit wider. Heard of a lagoon? It’s a shallow body of water separated from
a larger body of water. A barachois is a coastal lagoon and it’s split
from the ocean by a sand bar. You’ll hear that word a lot in Eastern Canada. It fills up at high tide. A tidal pool shows up at low tide. A delta is where a river flows into an ocean
or lake, or into an estuary, which is separate from the ocean. It may be where saltwater and freshwater mix. But water isn’t all about the ocean. Let’s go inland. A lake is usually freshwater contained in
land. But there are a few types. Loch is a Scottish word for lake, but it’s
also an inlet that can connect to the ocean— that’s what Loch Ness is (no comment on
the monster). A
pond is a particularly small lake. While a mere is a notably shallow one. Think of a big puddle. A tarn is determined by its location — you’ll
find it on a mountain, usually in a spot that has been carved out by a glacier. A kettle lake is similar, but it forms when
a melting glacier’s water shapes a mountain. An Oxbow lakes is special too. It comes from a river that changed course
and left a lake behind. In Australia, it’s called a billabong. Can we get a kangaroo? OK, fine. A lake is fed by a tributary, which is a kind
of river – water that flows from high ground to low. A creek is a small stream. There are lots of other names for it, like
kill, rivulet, beck, or ghyll. A branch of a river used to even be called
a sprain. An arroyo is a Spanish word for a creek that
fills in after a heavy rain, and it’s commonly used in the American Southwest. It’s called a wadi in Arabic. Elsewhere it might be called a wash. A freshet has a few definitions, but usually
it fills with water after a heavy snow. A spring shows up when groundwater flows to
the surface. Sometimes, a lee is a natural spring flowing
under the earth. A geyser is a spring that boils and occasionally
bursts up. The word’s name can be traced back to “geysa,”
meaning “to gush.” And in the desert, coming from groundwater
as well, you’ll find an oasis — a green and fertile patch that comes from an isolated
lake. And no, there are no monsters there. These are just some of the many amazing bodies
of water in our world. Now that you know the names, the next step
is easy. Start exploring them. So just in case you doubted the true epicness
of my journey in a rented kayak down the Potomac River, these bodies of water are connected. In the Potomac they have found bull sharks
that have actually swum in from other bodies of water.

100 thoughts on “What the names for bodies of water mean”

  1. What about the "Saint-Lawrence River", that is called Fleuve St-Laurent in french…even though the word 'River' exists in french as 'Rivière' but we use the word 'Fleuve'.

  2. In my Culture (Hispanic) Not Mexican e( There is a difference ) Anyway an Arroyo is the empty creek beds,wash outs,gully’s all with the same theme that being Remnants left after a flash flood that happens roughy every 7 to 9 years. The Effect is so profound as The Chihuahua Desert is mainly sand and rock leaving no natural drainage for the excess water to drain,thus creating Flash Floods ! ! ! !


  4. Finally a Channel that can actually teach something intelligent in such a way that it doesn’t bore me to literal death ! Well done and said folks ! ! ! !

  5. Loved this vid so much. Music, graphics, transitions, animations, jokes, narration, description, and information. Well done well done. Loved it loved it.

  6. They should have used satellite shots to illustrate the larger terms (sound, bight, lagoon) and photographs of famous sites for the smaller ones (river, canal, kettlelake).

  7. Wow! That was really interesting… now, it’s easy to tell whose from Delaware, Pennsylvania, or New York by asking if they know what a “kill” is. LOL

  8. That was a good video, but I must make one tiny correction. A properly named sea is surrounded by land but has an outlet to the ocean. The Caspian Sea is thus a misnomer; it's actually the world's largest saltwater lake.

  9. i know all sorts of sand bars there cool to bulid sandcastles lie 100 metersofshore and be like 40 30 milmeters

  10. No dams? I know they're man-made, but in some countries they are seen as their largest bodies of water. Where I grew up in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa, visiting dams like the Inanda, Shongweni, Albert Falls, or Midmar was a common pastime and they were a defining feature of the area.

  11. Very informative! Now do terms for geographical / land formations next (glen, bluff, hills, valleys, etc) 🙂

    And epic score. It is like preparing for conquest lol

  12. You guys need to make another one of these but with wetland types, there are a lot of different terms for distinct systems

  13. LAKES differ from PONDS – not just by size. Lakes usually have an inlet and outlet stream or river. Ponds have no ourlet, and are therefore stagnant.

  14. one point i'd like to make is that in The Lake District in England, where we have a fair few bodies of water but only one real lake, meres are much bigger than ponds. For example Windermere is one of our largest bodies of water but is very shallow. we also have "waters" which is like a lake but god forbid you call it one. No one is quite sure why they're called waters, they just are.

  15. In French a fleuve is a river that flows to the ocean.Rivière is river,fleuve a river that goes to the sea.I am surprised there is no equivalent in English.

  16. Bullsharks are f*cking nothing in Australia, you pretty much can't go to a river or something without hundreds of them in it. Just boating the other day I saw a ton of them

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